Hermeneutics is the work of interpreting what a text says. A biblical text is a communication of God that has three main components: the communicator (speaker), what is communicated (message), and who it is communicated to (hearer).
In order to interpret Scripture properly, it must be interpreted through the gospel, namely, the person and work of Jesus Christ. Graeme Goldsworthy writes why this is true in his book Gospel-Centered Hermeneutics (p.69):
- Jesus Christ, the God/Man, is the eternally communicating God, the creator of all speech and understanding.
- He is God, the author of special revelation (i.e. the Bible).
- As the incarnate Word of God, he is the ultimate divine message and sums up the meaning of all revelation both natural and special.
- As a perfect human being, he is the compliant listener who receives the address of God to man with perfect interpretation, understanding, and acceptance.
- Jesus’ relationship to the Father includes his making the only sinless human response to the word of God to man.
Ultimately, Jesus is the divine speaker, the message communicated, and the only one who was faithful to hear and be obedient.